& GEOGRAPHY: Lebanon
is located on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the Middle
East. It is bound by Syria to the north and east, Israel to the south and
the Mediterranean Sea to the west. The country can be divided into four
topographical regions (1.) The coastal plain which is a narrow strip in
the north. (2.) The coastal mountain range or Lebanon Mountains which are
a series of crests and ridges. (3.) The Central Plateau which consists of
the Syrian Plain and part of the Biqa valley. (4.) The eastern mountain
range which comprises the remainder of the Biqa Valley and rises to form
the Jabal ash Sharqi or Anti-Lebanon Mountains as well as the Jabal ash
Shaikh or Mt. Hermon, which forms the eastern border with Syria.
has a Mediterranean climate with a wide variation in climatic conditions.
Summers are generally hot and dry while winters are warm and moist.
Temperatures and precipitation vary depending on altitude, while winters
are cooler on the central plateau region and on the coast. Precipitation,
in general, decreases from west to east, with most rainfall occurring in
the winter months. Average annual precipitation in Beirut is 920 mm (36
inches) and average temperature ranges are from 11 to 17 degrees Celsius
(52 to 63 degrees Fahrenheit) in January to 23 to 32 degrees Celsius (73
to 90 degrees Fahrenheit) in August.
official currency is the Pound (LP) divided into 100 Piastres.