Sq Km (125,182 Sq Mi)
& GEOGRAPHY: Norway
is located on the western part of the Scandinavian Peninsula in North West
Europe. It is bound by the Arctic Ocean to the north, Sweden, Finland and
Russia to the east, the Norwegian Sea to the west and the Skagerrak Strait
to the south. The territory also includes many island groups such as the
Lofoten and Vesteralen groups as well as individual islands including
Senja, Soroya, Ringvassoy and Hitra. Norway is a mountainous country with
the Kjolen Mountains in the north, the Dovrefjell Range in the central
area and the Jotunheim group in south central Norway. Extensive plateau
regions called Fjells or Vidde dominate the southwest and central regions,
and are characterized by incised troughs that form narrow gorges in the
interior with fjords towards the coast. The country has numerous lakes, of
which the largest is Lake Mjosa while the principal rivers include the
Glama, Dramselv and Lagen. Major Cities (pop. est.); Oslo 482,600, Bergen
221,700, Trondheim 142,800, Stavanger 103,500, Baerum 95,600 (1995). Land
Use; forested 27%, pastures 0.5%, agricultural-cultivated 3%, other 69.5%
has a temperate climate with mild winters and cool summers along the coast
while in the interior the winters are cold and summers are hot. Strong
winds with snow or severe frost are experienced in the Arctic winters of
the interior highlands. Rainfall is heavy and frequent on the west coast
with an average annual precipitation in Bergen of 1,958 mm (77 inches).
Average temperature ranges in Oslo are from -7 to -2 degrees Celsius (19
to 28 degrees Fahrenheit) in January to 13 to 22 degrees Celsius (55 to 72
degrees Fahrenheit) in July.
official currency is the Krone (NKr) divided into 100 Ore.
Gross National Product;
USD $113,527,000,000 (1993). Public Debt; USD $23,430,000,000 (1990).
Imports; NKr 192,963,300,000 (1994). Exports; NKr 244,475,100,000 (1993).
Tourism Receipts; USD $1,849,000,000 (1993). Balance of Trade; NKr
51,512,000,000 (1994). Economically Active Population; 2,151,000 or 49.7%
of total population (1994). Unemployed; 5.4% (1994).